Theologian: An individual who systematically education theology otherwise certain regions of theology

Theologian: An individual who systematically education theology otherwise certain regions of theology

Inside Colonial The usa, theologians always was basically knowledgeable pastors exactly who might instruct prospective ministers for the a college means. Theologians turned into top-notch academicians and you can specialist following the introduction of seminaries from the nineteenth century (Reid et al. 1990: 1170).

Theravada Buddhism: One of several oldest schools out of Buddhism you to considered the fresh new blog site out of Sariputra, an early disciple of your own Buddha whoever style of interpreting Buddha’s lessons are really traditional and you can emphasized this new part of your own monastic lifetime as treatment for nirvana (Melton 2009: 1043).

Three Treasures: The 3 items that bring sanctuary to own Buddhists: this new Buddha, the latest Dharma (teaching), together with Sangha (Buddhist society) (Prothero 2008: 205).

Three Scratching out-of Lifetime: Known as impermanence, distress, without heart from the Buddhist conception out of individual facts (Esposito mais aussi al. 2012b: G-14).

The phrase means “compound crossing” otherwise “compound changing

Tibetan Guide of Dry: A couple of Buddhist texts focused on the state anywhere between death and revival. The brand new messages describe an effective 49-time trip complete with unconsciousness at the moment out-of demise, reawakening from inside the a bodiless setting, as well as the look of each other silent and wrathful deities (Smith and you will Eco-friendly 1995: 1075).

Torah: New Hebrew term (“teaching”) broadly refers to both the oral and you may composed Jewish Rules. Alot more narrowly, they is the first four instructions throughout the Hebrew Bible, otherwise Old testament, and that Jewish believers consider the extremely sacred text message (Prothero 2008: 287).

Transubstantiation: A great Catholic doctrine the Eucharistic dough and you can drink will be human body and you can blood of Christ inside a literal sense. ” It is in line with the exact interpretation of one’s Last Dinner about Gospel accounts. The newest Benedictine monk Paschasius Radbertus (c.785-c.860 Ce) are credited due to the fact earliest direct proponent of your own philosophy, while the real title first appears doing 1130 Le. The brand new Protestant reformers denied it philosophy (Reid et al. 1990: 1184).

Trinity: New Religious name to the society regarding God made out-of around three “persons” (Dad, Young man and you will Holy Spirit). The term is outside the New testament, although the individuals of one’s Father, Son and you will Holy Heart was stated. The distinctions within about three is actually relational and not considered end up being a breakup of fuel. Goodness is said to get this new Son regarding God. New philosophy of the trinity can be a bit questionable, for experts (age.g. Muslims and you will Unitarians) declare that it’s polytheism, when you are Christians traditionally protect the new doctrine as the communal monotheism (Smith and you may Green 1995: 1100).

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Unclaimed People: Once the utilized by the latest ARDA, this new unclaimed society are the ones that are not adherents of any of your own 236 communities included in the Spiritual Congregations & Membership Study, 2010. It count shouldn’t be utilized because a sign away from irreligion or atheism, whilst also contains adherents regarding communities not found in these types of research.

Unction: The new sacrament out of healing on Roman Catholic and you may Eastern Orthodox churches. Due to the fact Vatican Council II, Catholicism has used the phrase “Anointing of Ill” in place of “unction.” It sacrament is dependent on passages from the New-testament courses out-of parece, together with very early Religious community. Medieval routine in the Western Christianity limited the sacrament to people which have been passing away. Vatican Council II recovered the prior to general-purpose (Reid mais aussi al. 1990: 1194).

Unification Church: A different religious course founded within the Korea from the Sunlight Myung Moonlight inside the 1954. The full label of the course ‘s the Holy Heart Association into Unification out-of Industry Christianity. Unification theology is dependant on Moon’s translation of your own Dated and The fresh Testaments. They says one to Jesus’ objective were to restore spiritual and you may actual salvation to everyone, however, on account of their crucifixion, he had been merely able to render spiritual salvation. stay at website Moonlight states you to real salvation will come as a consequence of marriage, and as a result, Moonlight chooses members of the brand new church to be partnered. The youngsters are considered without a “fell characteristics” (Smith and you may Eco-friendly 1995: 1109).

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